Health Promoting Effects of Cocoa

Cocoa Chocolate

Chocolate is one of the most popular tasty treats in the world. Native to South America, cocoa was a vitally important commodity in Mesoamerica, so much so it was being used as currency prior to the Spanish conquest [1]. After its arrival in Europe, where it was aptly named Theobroma Cacao, or “food of the […]

Synephrine – An Powerful Nootropic Stimulant


Synephrine is a naturally occurring alkaloid molecule found in some plants and animals in varying amounts. It is unclear when this alkaloid was first identified, but it first appeared in Europe towards the end of the 1920s being sold as a drug under the brand name Sympatol. It was then being prescribed as a remedy […]

Hordenine – A Natural Stimulant Nootropic

Hordenine supplements

Hordenine is a naturally occurring compound found in some species of plants. It has a chemical structure that is similar to phenylthylamines. This compound was observed in the late 1800s when it appeared in the blood serum of horses that were fed freshly sprouted barley. It has since been discovered to have adrenergic properties, which […]